Les bénéfices de l’infrarouge pendant la chirurgie endocrinienne

Parathyroid gland (PG) identification during thyroid and parathyroid surgery is challenging. Accidental parathyroidectomy increases the rate of postoperative hypocalcaemia. Recently, autofluorescence with near infrared light (NIRL) has been described for PG visualization. The aim of this study is to analyze the increased rate of visualization of PGs with the use of NIRL compared to white light (WL).

[vc_row background_color=’rgb(249, 249, 249)’ row_padding_top=’0′ row_section_id_description= » row_padding_bottom=’0′ row_type_width_description= » row_padding_right=’0′ row_padding_left=’0′ row_margin_top=’0′ row_margin_bottom=’0′][vc_column][md_live_text is_new_shortcode= »yes » meditor_line_height= »1.5″ meditor_letter_spacing= »0″ el_id=’5a6f5e1ec7c02′ el_id=’5caf29e966191′]CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2IHN0eWxlPSJmb250LXNpemU6IDMwcHg7IGNvbG9yOiByZ2IoMCwgMCwgMCk7Ij48c3BhbiBmYWNlPSJPcGVuIFNhbnMiIHN0eWxlPSJmb250LXNpemU6IDMwcHg7IGNvbG9yOiByZ2IoMCwgMCwgMCk7Ij48c3BhbiBzdHlsZT0iZm9udC1zaXplOiAzMHB4OyBjb2xvcjogcmdiKDAsIDAsIDApOyIgY2xhc3M9IiI+PGIgc3R5bGU9ImZvbnQtc2l6ZTogMzBweDsgY29sb3I6IHJnYigwLCAwLCAwKTsiPkluY3JlYXNlZCBpZGVudGlmaWNhdGlvbiBvZiBwYXJhdGh5cm9pZCBnbGFuZHMgdXNpbmcgbmVhciBpbmZyYXJlZCBsaWdodCBkdXJpbmcgdGh5cm9pZCBhbmQgcGFyYXRoeXJvaWQgc3VyZ2VyeTwvYj48L3NwYW4+PC9zcGFuPjwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICA=[/md_live_text][vc_empty_space height= »20″ el_id=’5caf29e966211′][/vc_empty_space][md_live_text is_new_shortcode= »yes » meditor_line_height= »1.5″ meditor_letter_spacing= »0″ el_id=’5a6f5e1ec7c02′ el_id=’5caf29e9661d1′]CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PjxzcGFuIHN0eWxlPSJmb250LWZhbWlseTogJnF1b3Q7T3BlbiBTYW5zJnF1b3Q7OyBmb250LXdlaWdodDogNjAwOyBmb250LXN0eWxlOiBub3JtYWw7IGZvbnQtc2l6ZTogMTRweDsiIGNsYXNzPSIiIGRhdGEtZm9udC13ZWlnaHQ9IjYwMCI+RmFsY28gSiAtICZuYnNwO1N1cmcgRW5kb3NjLiAyMDE3IFNlcDszMSg5KTozNzM3LTM3NDIuIGRvaTogMTAuMTAwNy9zMDA0NjQtMDE3LTU0MjQtMS4gRXB1YiAyMDE3IE1hciAzMS48L3NwYW4+PGRpdiBkYXRhLWZvbnQtd2VpZ2h0PSI2MDAiIHN0eWxlPSJmb250LXdlaWdodDogNjAwOyBmb250LWZhbWlseTogJnF1b3Q7T3BlbiBTYW5zJnF1b3Q7OyBmb250LXN0eWxlOiBub3JtYWw7IGZvbnQtc2l6ZTogMTRweDsiPkhvc3BpdGFsIGRlIENsw61uaWNhcyAiSm9zw6kgZGUgU2FuIE1hcnTDrW4iLCBVbml2ZXJzaXR5IG9mIEJ1ZW5vcyBBaXJlcywgQnVlbm9zIEFpcmVzLCBBcmdlbnRpbmEuPC9kaXY+ICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICA=[/md_live_text][vc_empty_space height= »20″ el_id=’5caf29e96624e’][/vc_empty_space][md_live_text is_new_shortcode= »yes » meditor_line_height= »1.5″ meditor_letter_spacing= »0″ el_id=’5a6f5e1ec7c7f’]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[/md_live_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row background_color=’rgba(255, 255, 255, 0)’ row_padding_top=’0′ row_section_id_description= » row_type_width_description= » row_padding_right=’0′ row_padding_left=’0′ row_margin_top=’0′ row_margin_bottom=’0′ row_padding_bottom=’23’][vc_column width= »12/12″ el_id=’5a57a300b2f30′][md_separator separator_style= »shadow » separator_color= »rgb(33, 33, 33) » separator_size= »1″ separator_width= »100″ md_separator_animation_type= »fade » md_separator_animation_speed= »200″ md_separator_animation_delay= »0″ md_separator_animation_position= »center » md_separator_animation_show= »once » md_separator_animation_easing= »Quart.easeInOut »][/md_separator][md_live_text is_new_shortcode= »yes » meditor_line_height= »1.5″ meditor_letter_spacing= »0″]CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PjxzcGFuIGZhY2U9Ik9wZW4gU2FucyI+PHNwYW4gc3R5bGU9ImZvbnQtd2VpZ2h0OiA2MDA7Ij5FTiBTQVZPSVIgUExVUyA6PC9zcGFuPjwvc3Bhbj48L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgIA==[/md_live_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row background_color=’rgba(255, 255, 255, 0)’ row_padding_top=’20’ row_section_id_description= » row_type_width_description= » row_padding_right=’0′ row_padding_left=’0′ row_margin_top=’0′ row_margin_bottom=’0′ row_padding_bottom=’23’][vc_column width= »12/12″ el_id=’5a57a300b2f30′][md_live_text is_new_shortcode= »yes » meditor_line_height= »1.5″ meditor_letter_spacing= »0″]CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgCiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8ZGl2PjxzcGFuIHN0eWxlPSJmb250LXNpemU6IDE0cHg7IGZvbnQtd2VpZ2h0OiA2MDA7IGxldHRlci1zcGFjaW5nOiAwcHg7IGZvbnQtZmFtaWx5OiAmcXVvdDtPcGVuIFNhbnMmcXVvdDs7Ij5TaXRlIHdlYiA6IDwvc3Bhbj48dT48YSBocmVmPSJodHRwczovL3d3dy5uY2JpLm5sbS5uaWguZ292L3B1Ym1lZC8yODM2NDE1NyIgdGFyZ2V0PSJfYmxhbmsiPjxzcGFuIGNsYXNzPSIiIHN0eWxlPSJmb250LXNpemU6IDE0cHg7IGZvbnQtd2VpZ2h0OiA2MDA7IGxldHRlci1zcGFjaW5nOiAwcHg7IGZvbnQtZmFtaWx5OiAmcXVvdDtPcGVuIFNhbnMmcXVvdDs7Ij48c3BhbiBkYXRhLWZvbnQtd2VpZ2h0PSI0MDAiIHN0eWxlPSJmb250LXdlaWdodDogNDAwOyIgY2xhc3M9IiI+aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubmNiaS5ubG0ubmloLmdvdi9wdWJtZWQvMjgzNjQxNTc8L3NwYW4+PC9zcGFuPjwvYT48L3U+ICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgIDwvZGl2PgogICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgPC9kaXY+CiAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICAgICA8L2Rpdj4KICAgICAgICAgICAg[/md_live_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]

Avertissement 

Conformément à la loi française, nous vous informons que cette page est destinée aux professionnels de la santé.

ou